Index P - Z

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Paced Bottle Feeding: (See Bottle Feeding)

    Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine: Pacifiers and Breastfeeding
    Additional  resources/information on Pacifiers   
            La Leche League International
    California Model Hospital Policy #7: 
        Artificial nipples and pacifiers should be discouraged for healthy breastfeeding infants.

    Baby Friendly Hospital Policy #9: Give no pacifiers or artificial nipples to breastfeeding infants.
        See Page 5 of the document "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding Q&A"
Pasteurization of Human Milk (i.e. for HIV+ women or for sharing human milk)

Pediatrics (the journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics) 
Peer Counselor Resources
    California WIC Breastfeeding Peer Counselor Training
    USDA Loving Support Breastfeeding Peer Counselor Training 
       updated in 2011 - English and Spanish
     Modules for additional Peer Counselor training:
        Hale Publications       
    New York State: 
Breastfeeding Partners
Breastfeeding Materials: Barbara Wilson-Clay and Kay Hoover (New Atlas Due 2017)

Photographs - Consent to Photograph  
     Example of a consent - (Bilingual, English/Spanish) (

Platypus Media -- Books for Families, Teachers and Parenting Professionals,
           Dia L Michels 

Position Papers 
Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (2008) (PDF)
American Academy of Pediatrics (2012) 
     American Academy of Family Practitioners (2014) 
     See additional Policy or Position Papers: List at US Breastfeeding Coalition Website

Pregnancy Preparation  for Breastfeeding  
    Pregnancy Checklist
     Solano County Baby and Me Meetings
     Solano County Resources

Premature Baby 
San Diego:
Supporting Premature Infant Nutrition (SPIN) UC San Diego Hospital
            Premature infants who receive human breast milk have the best outcomes
                —medically, nutritionally, and developmentally. 
        The Supporting Premature Infant Nutrition (SPIN) program was developed to address 
        the challenges of helping mothers produce sufficient breast milk for their 
        premature infants, and to improve the manner in which 
        neonatal intensive care unit (NICUs) support optimal nutrition and growth 
        in their most vulnerable population of patients. 

    On-line Videos: 
Stanford University Hospital NICU Resources for Breastfeeding  
                    Hand expression 
                        Maximizing Milk Production with Hands On Pumping 

            United Kingdom:
Ways of supporting your sick or premature baby 
            A Preemie Needs His Mother: First Steps to Breastfeeding Your Premature Baby
      Free handouts for parents of preemies by Dr. Jane Morton
           Dr. Jane Morton -
or  e-mail: 

       Resources for Health Care Professionals

Transitioning Newborns from NICU to Home: A Resource Toolkit by the 
            Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality The toolkit provides resources for hospitals 
            that wish to improve safety when newborns transition home from their neonatal intensive 
            care unit (NICU) by creating a Health Coach Program, tools for coaches, and information 
            for parents and families of newborns who have spent time in the NICU

            Nutritional Support of the Very Low Birthweight Infant Toolkit (DECEMBER 2008)           
            National Perinatal Association
Multidisciplinary Team Guidelines

       Premature Baby: Late Preterm - 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation
            Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine:
Breastfeeding the Late Preterm Infant - June 2011
            California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative (CPQCC) 
Care and Management of the Late Preterm Infant Toolkit
(February 2013) 

National Perinatal Association Multidisciplinary guidelines:

Prenatal Education (See Pregnancy Preparation)
    California Model Hospital Policy #3:The hospital will encourage medical staff to perform a 
        breast exam on all pregnant women and provide anticipatory guidance for conditions 
        that could affect breastfeeding. Breastfeeding mothers will have an assessment of the 
        breast prior to discharge and will receive anticipatory guidance regarding conditions 
        that might affect breastfeeding.

    Baby Friendly Hospital Policy: 
        Inform all pregnant women about the benefits and management of breastfeeding
        See Q & A  See Step 3 on page 1
   Carolina Global Breastfeeding Institute
         Ready, Set, BABY Materials Training
        Tools and Recommendations for Action (links to materials in English and Spanish)

Professional Education
American Academy of Pediatrics:
         Breastfeeding Residency Curriculum  
          Health Professionals Resource Guide  
          Academy Of Breastfeeding Medicine

        International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners (IBLCE)
          Information about becoming an IBCLC  

        California Breastfeeding Coalition 
              Events Calendar

        International Lactation Consultant Association (ILCA) - see conferences 

        Lactation Education Accreditation and Approval Committee (LEAARC
             LEAARC Approved Lactation Management Courses
            Accreditation Procedure to become an LEAARC Approved Course Provider

        United States Lactation Consultant Association (USLCA):  Education Resources

Protect Breastfeeding Poster

Proyecto Lacta -     
    Breastfeeding information in Spanish – Puerto Rico

Pharmasoft publishing - has reduced its inventory (2016) 

    Hale authored books still can be found at Pharmasoft
    Others can be found at Amazon or via Preaclarus Press

Pumping - (see also "Breast Pumps") 
    To increase milk production use Hands on Pumping
    Article via USLCA
    Video on maximizing milk production with hands on pumping
    UK Baby Friendly Guidelines - Breastmilk expression checklist

Pumping Logs 
    Record for mothers who are pumping for babies who do not breastfeed well or are in Intensive Care (

    La Leche League Pumping Log 

    UC San Diego logs -English and Spanish


Radiological Tests - (x-Ray, MRI, Ultrasound) usually no problem with breastfeeding
               Breastfeeding and Radiological Procedures
     Radio-contrast materials and breastfeeding
Breastfeeding and the Use of Contrast Dyes for Maternal Tests
               Poster with information about Contrast Dyes for Maternal Tests:
                    Download Poster Front (
PDF file
                    Download Poster Back (
PDF file
        Additional resources for MDs and Radiologists:
            Infant Risk Center: 806-352-2519 (Monday-Friday 9 am to 6 pm EST) 

Medications and Mothers' Milk (2014) by Thomas W. Hale, Phd, 
                clinical pharmacologist, professor at Texas Tech University School of Medicine

     Use of Radioisotopes (and other imaging agents) during lactation      (Kellymom) 

Relactation (See "Induced Lactation")
     Adoptive Breastfeeding Website (originally called Four Friends)         
        Relactation stories - search in Google - every mother has a different path to follow 

        Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies
        Relactation/Wet nursing: Relactation in difficult circumstances: rising to the challenge

Reverse Pressure Softening - to help mothers deal with Engorgement
Handouts:  (English) (Spanish)

    California Model Hospital Policy #9:
       Mothers and infants should be encouraged to remain together during the hospital stay.

    Baby Friendly Policy # 7: 
        Practice “rooming in”-- allow mothers and infants to remain together 24 hours a day. 


Secrets of Baby Behavior :  
   The UC Davis Lactation Center maintains an excellent website which provides true 
   evidence-based information written by researchers who are also experiencing, or 
   have experienced childbirth and the trials and tribulations of being new parents: 
   You may find it helpful to start with the first five, starting with: 
    - It’s Not Rocket Science 
    - Baby Behavior Basics Part 1 - Three Reasons Why Babies Don’t Sleep Through the Night 
    - Baby Behavior Basics Part 2 - The Many Moods of Babies
    - Baby Behavior Basics Part 3: Learning and Creating Your Baby’s Special Language
    - Baby Behavior Basics Part 4: Crying: Your Baby’s Super Power. 

  Scholarly literature search ;

SIDS (see Sudden Infant Death and Co-Sleeping)

Simply Herbal

Skin to Skin Contact

     Skin to skin in an NICU     
    Cochrane Report: 
Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants (Review)
  California Model Hospital Policy #5:Nurses, certified nurse midwives, and physicians
  should encourage new mothers to hold their newborns skin to skin during the
  first two hours following birth and as much as possible thereafter, unless contraindicated.

  Baby Friendly Step 4:Help mothers initiate breastfeeding within one hour of birth 

Infant sleep: Secrets of Baby Behaviors; The Science of Infant Sleep
    Why we don't like Sleep Training for Infants: Part IPart II


    KellyMom: Breastfeeding and Cigarette Smoking
    La Leche League International: FAQ on Smoking
        Is it safe for a smoker to breastfeed her baby? 
        What about using the nicotine patch and other smoking cessation aids?


         Starting Solids - Baby Led Weaning:
            Gil Rapley: 
            Healthcare professionals’ and mothers’ knowledge of, attitudes to and experiences with, 
                Baby-Led Weaning: a content analysis study 
                BMJ Open 2:e001542 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001542 

            Utilizing the Baby-led weaning: English Website:

            Baby Led Weaning - Spanish website
            Frequently Asked Questions
            Secrets of Baby Behavior: 
Starting Solids it's worth the wait.
Spanish breastfeeding information        

        BreastMilk Counts
        La Leche League: Spanish 
        Dar de Mamar
        Proyecto Lacta (Puerto Rico – high reading level)         
        US - Women’s Health *Spanish*  
Statistics on Breastfeeding:

        In-hospital breastfeeding data  
County and statewide reports on Breastfeeding
        California Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC) hospital survey
Maternal Infant Health Assessment Survey (MIHA) 

Solano County
        Solano County Fact Sheets - 
2011: (27th in the state in Exclusive Breastfeeding Rates)
            2014 (2013 Data - 21st in the state
            2015: (2014 Data) - 20th in the state

United States:

Student Rights to Breastfeed
      California Education Code Related to
Lactation Accommodation in California Public Schools
         (Added by Stats. 2015, Ch. 690, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2016.)
Facts About Lactation Accommodation in California Public Schools

      Report on Pregnant and Parenting Students, from California (See Press Release
                The American Civil Liberties Union of California has released a new report entitled:  
                Breaking Down Educational Barriers for California's Pregnant & Parenting Students
                The report contains four key findings, including:
                 - a lack of adequate spaces to breastfeed or express human milk, 
                 - state and district level recommendations to create more equitable access to quality education. 
            The ACLU of Northern California also has released the student guide:
                     Know Your Rights: Pregnant & Parenting Students
        Students and Breastfeeding: Advocating for Pregnant and Parenting Students 

        Students should have rights to pump on Campus 

Sudden Infant Death and Co-Sleeping
    Infant Sleep Information Source (
     Safe Sleep for You and Your Baby : A Guide for Breastfeeding Families   
    Sweet Sleep: Nighttime and Naptime Strategies for the Breastfeeding Family


    Supplementation Guidelines
    Supplementation Protocol - Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
How much to supplement - from Low Milk Supply website - how much to supplement 
    Finish at the Breast From Low Milks Supply website - a method of getting baby back on the breast

Supplementation Tools         

    At-breast supplementors:

Suppression of Breast Milk Production